wolf, wolves,predators, predator management, population viability,  predator control, bear safety, bears, grizzly, black bears, bear viewing, bear behavior, Sarah Palin, predator control, slaughter, extermination, books, videos, conservation, stewardship, aerial hunting, aerial shooting, holocaust, adventure, Alaska, Board of Game, consulting, impacts
Dr. Stephen F. Stringham, PhD
Other Services Provided as President of WildWatch

Consulted on wildlife, wildlife safety, and environmental impacts (e.g., impacts by development of ski areas, a
natural gas pipeline, and mines)

Conducted research on big game mammals: ecology, behavior, and environmental impacts.

Taught wildlife safety (K-12 and college lectures and courses; public talks.

Tutored K-12 students in science and math.

Produced educational interactive software - science

Wrote and published books on Alaskan wildlife, ecotourism, and wildlife safety.

Produced videos on Alaskan wildlife and wildlife safety

Apr 98 -present: Director, Bear Communication & Aggression Research Program: This program investigates ways
to minimize direct conflicts between people and bears.  I do close-range observation of grizzly and black bear
behavior,  particularly on the Alaska and Kenai Peninsulas of AK.

Temporary Positions (postdoctoral)

Apr 94-Oct 94:  Biologist, Marine Mammals Management Office, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Anchorage, AK    
Developed estimates of "Potential Biological Removal," as required by the Marine Mammal Protection
Act.  Collected indigenous knowledge on polar bear habitat use from Alaska Natives.  Helped develop
the Polar Bear Habitat Conservation Strategy.  Analyzed laws pertaining to protection of polar bear habitat.

Aug 85-Aug 86:  Post-doctoral Research Associate: Adirondack Ecological Center, State Univ. of New
York, Newcomb, NY  12852.  In order to facilitate multiple use management of the Adirondack Ecosystem (e.g.,
to optimize the combined yields of game, timber and recreation) I supervised grad students doing research on
wildlife (coyote, lynx, bobcat, fox, deer, bear, moose, hare, beaver, etc.) so that their various findings could be
integrated with one another and with studies on the habitat.

Other Professional Experience in Research & Natural Resource Management

Assessed responses by grizzly & black bear populations to adult male abundance and behavior and to food
supply and nutritional status.  Assessment done by re-analyzing existing data sets.  Made behavioral observations
of captive American & Asian black bears.  Doctoral Research, Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville. 37996

Analyzed impacts of trophy hunting through restoring near-natural ratios of adult males vs. adolescent males and
vs. adolescent and adult females in Chamois, red deer, and roe deer: .  This was one facet of Project Achenkirch,
reputedly the most comprehensive study of human impacts to the alpine environment ever done in Europe up to
that time.  Our game management scheme was subsequently adopted throughout Austria, certain other parts of
Europe, and some parts of North America, including Alaska (Dall sheep and moose).  Research supported by
grants from World Wildlife Fund and Fund fur Umwelt Studien.  Post-grad research.

Moose:  I researched mother-offspring relations, communication, calf survivorship, and ontogeny of behavior.  
Information later used to assess likelihood of calf survival after the death of the mother (e.g., from hunting)
University of Alaska, Fairbanks.  MSc Research

Explored for along-shore deposits of gold and other precious metals.  U.S. Geological Survey, Division of Marine
Geology and Hydrology.

Assessed ecosystem impacts by an insecticide used to kill spruce budworm.  U.S. Forest Service, Pacific
Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station.

Screened organic compounds for potential use as pesticides.  Bio-products Division, Dow Chemical Co.

Designed and maintained marine aquarium systems for teaching and research, including my own analysis of the
effects of the toxin colchicine on embryogenesis of the sea urchin -- which provided a key to understanding
protein synthesis in embryos.

Teaching & Tutoring (For details, click on tab at the top of this page)

11 years classroom instruction (1 high school, 10 college), 9 years tutoring

Community Activities
Member, Wolverine Creek Management Committee

Former member, Fish & Game Advisory Council for Kenai/Soldotna (Alaska)

Former member of and advisor to the Alaska Native Brotherhood on environmental issues.

Former advisor to the Sitka Tribe of Alaska on environmental issues.

Former member Board of Directors of the Alaska Communities Economic Coalition

Former advisor to the Stakeholder Committee for conservation of brown bears on the Kenai
Peninsula of  Alaska

Former advisor to the Technical Committee for the cleanup of the Alaska Pulp Co. mill site
in Sitka, AK.

Advisor to various conservation groups.

Technical Documents Authored
Scientific journal papers, Consulting Reports, Legal testimony, and Legal Analyses

Popular Science Books  

National magazine and local newspaper articles.

Conference Presentations  (50+ presentations total)

2016. Chair session on bear viewing, International Bear Association annual conference, Anchorage, AK.

2013, 2007, 2004, 2001, 1998, 1995, 1992, 1989, 1986, 1983, 1980 International Conferences on Bear Research
and Management.  During the 1980, 1983, 1986, 1992, 1998 and 2001 conferences, I chaired workshops on
population analysis and modeling, on roles of adult males, on bear conservation strategies, and on bear
communication and aggression.

2009.  Bear Care Conference, San Francisco Zoo.  
a.   Bear behavior & ecology:  potential contributions by captive research to testing hypotheses &
      answering questions generated by field research.  
b.   Ursid ontogenetic responses to variations in nutrition and adult male abundance.
c.   Ursid pelage coloration: Ontogenetic, regional and seasonal variations.
d.   Cognitive ethology of ursidae.
e.   Ursid ethogram project.
f.    Does habituation to humans really render captive bears         unfit for release into the wilds?
g.   Distinguishing among North American bear species by hand- and foot-prints.
h.   Does behavioral maturation continue during hibernation or aestivation?  
      A possible method for distinguishing effects of maturation vs. experience

2009.  Bear-Human Conflicts Conference, Canmore, Alberta. (abstracts submitted)
a.    Bear Viewing:  Recreation, Industry and Management
b.    Wildlife Viewing, Habituation, and Attack Risk
c.    Ursid Ethograms:  Can They Assist in Assessing Bear Attacks?
d.    How Dangerous Are Bears?
e.    Can Aggression Data Alone Provide Valid Estimates of Risk?
f.    The Treadwell Syndrome:  Failure to Distinguish Effective Precautions From Superstitions
g.    Do Images of Close Bear Viewing Endanger The Public?
h.    The Bear Viewing Association’s Ten Golden Rules

2003.  Carnivore Reproduction and Nutrition workshop, San Diego Zoo.

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990  Border grizzly/wolf/puma workshops, Glacier National Park.

1987  Black bear and timber wolf habitat symposium, Hiawatha National Forest, Michigan.

1987  Chair: Northeastern Hardwoods Black Bear Habitat Symposium, Bridgewater Vermont.

1987 Bear-people conflicts conference.  Yellowknife, Canada.

1987, 1983, 1982, 1981, 1980  Animal Behavior Society international conferences.  I assisted in hosting the 1981
conference.  In 1987, I organized a symposium on "Adult male mammals ... Implications for theory and

1986  Animal Behavior Society, northeastern regional meeting,

1986  American Society of Mammalogists.

1988, 1984.  Eastern Black Bear Workshop

1984  Barrett Memorial Lecture Series: Symposium on Mathematical Ecology

1982, 1981, 1980.  Society for the Sigma Xi.

Video Productions:  2 videos to educate the public about bear safety and social behavior.  
(Click above on "Productions" for details).

Major Scientific and Wildlife/Wildland Conservation Projects
Services Related to State and Federal Hearings
Clients and cooperators
Service to Native American Communities
Professional Employment
Other Services Provided as President of WildWatch
Temporary Positions (postdoctoral)
Other Professional Experience in Research & Natural Resource Management
Teaching & Tutoring
Community Activities
Documents Authored
o  Technical Documents
o  Non-Technical Consulting Reports
o  Popular science books
o  National magazine and local newspaper articles.
Conference presentations
Video production

                         *          *          *

Major Scientific and Wildlife/Wildland Conservation Projects

Assessed impacts of human activities, including development of ski areas and a natural gas pipeline,
as well as logging, hunting, angling and wildlife viewing.

Co-founded and -directed the Blackfeet Environmental Office for the Blackfeet Indian Nation

Managed a wide range of environmental monitoring under EPA grants for the Blackfeet Nation.

Analyzed federal and state environmental laws; drafted Blackfeet tribal environmental legislation.

Member of the federal team that developed the Polar Bear Habitat Conservation Strategy.

Researched communication and aggression in bear and ungulate populations.

Critiqued federal management plans for Threatened grizzly bear populations.

Modeled single-species and predator-prey population dynamics; analyzed extinction risks.

Assessed impacts of hunting on bear and ungulate populations.

Developed interactive educational software relating to wildlife and environmental impacts.

Critiqued Draft and Final EA’s and EIS’s by other parties
Services Related to State and Federal Hearings

Briefing attorneys for Direct and Cross-Examination, and to assist in Discovery and Depositions.  

Testified as an expert witness.

Conducted cross-examination of opposition witnesses to address questions likely to evoke responses
that are too technical and unpredictable for attorneys to field.

Clients and Cooperators

Small businesses
Conservation groups
Government agencies (federal, state, municipal & tribal
Service to Native American Communities

Director, Blackfeet Environmental Office, Blackfeet Indian Nation (1991-93)  Co-founded the BEO.  
Wrote QA/QC plans, work plans, progress and completion reports, etc; implemented adherence to
environmental laws through programs in water quality (Lakes and Wetlands), air quality, land quality
(e.g., SuperFund; underground storage tanks).  Analyzed federal and state environmental laws; drafted tribal
environmental legislation.  Served as an expert witness in federal hearings on environmental impacts.

Advisor to the Sitka Tribe of Alaska (1995-96).

Advisor to Camps 1 and 4 of the Alaska Native Brotherhood (2000-01).
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